Contents

1                             Preamble                                                                                      

2                             Introduction                                                                               

2.1                          Background                                                                                

2.2                          Purpose of the FMP                                                                     

2.3                          Structure of the FMP                                                                 

3                             Organisation, Management and Administration of the FMP   

3.1                          Geographical Coverage                                                            

3.2                          Over-Arching Aspects                                                                

3.3                          Engagement with the Fishery Sector for Preparation of FMP 

3.4                          Goal                                                                                              

3.5                          Management and Financing of the FMP                                 

3.6                          Proposal Selection                                                                     

3.7                          Implementation Plan                                                                 

3.8                          Review and Evaluation of the FMP                                          

4                             Key Themes of the FMP                                                                

4.1                          Background                                                                                

4.2                          Goals and Objectives                                                                  

4.3                          Potential Initiatives                                                                   

4.4                          Implementation and Funding                                                   

4.5                          Roles and Responsibility                                                            

4.6                          Review and Evaluation                                                              

5                             Summary                                                                                      

 

ANNEXES

Annex A             Overview of Marine Ecology and Fisheries Enhancement Strategy (MEFES)

Annex B             Physical Description and Fisheries Setting

Annex C             Draft Terms of Reference for Fisheries Enhancement Fund Management Committee

Annex D             Potential Initiatives and Performance Indicators under the Four Key Themes

 

 

1                                          Preamble

The Airport Authority Hong Kong (“AAHK”) is responsible for operations of the Hong Kong International Airport (HKIA).  Its HKIA Master Plan 2030 (MP2030) recommended expansion of HKIA into a three-runway system (3RS) (“the Project”) as the best way forward to cope with the projected increase in air traffic demand and to secure the continual growth of HKIA operation for the benefit of the economic development of Hong Kong.  For planning purposes, this development option for HKIA received approval in principle from the Government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (HKSAR) on 20 March 2012.

An Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) Study Report for the Project was prepared in accordance with the study brief requirements (ESB-250/2012) issued by the Environmental Protection Department (EPD).  The EIA Report for the Project (Register No. AEIAR-185/2014) was approved by EPD on 7 November 2014 and the Environmental Permit (EP) (EP No. EP-489/2014) granted on 7 November 2014. 

As part of the EIA Study, AAHK has proposed to formulate and implement a Marine Ecology and Fisheries Enhancement Strategy (MEFES).  The MEFES for the Project has been set up for the purpose of enhancing the marine environment for the benefit of marine ecology (including Chinese White Dolphins (CWDs)) and fisheries resources in the vicinity of the project area, in Hong Kong western waters and further afield into the Pearl River Estuary (PRE).  It is also for the purpose of providing support and assistance to affected fishers to achieve more sustainable fishing operations.  Figure 1.1 presents a schematic overview of the different elements of the MEFES and their proposed funding sources.  Details of the MEFES are provided in Annex A.

In accordance with EP Conditions 2.8 and 2.13, AAHK will establish independent Marine Ecology Enhancement Fund (MEEF) and Fisheries Enhancement Fund (FEF), respectively, to fund initiatives proposed by thirdparties (eg NonGovernmental organisations (NGOs), researchers and the fishery sector) that support the objectives of the MEFES.  A Marine Ecology Conservation Plan (MECP) and a Fisheries Management Plan (FMP) are developed to describe the proposed mechanism for the implementation of the MEEF and FEF as well as the goals and themes under which funding applications can be made.

This document presents the FMP of the 3RS Project.

 

2                                          Introduction

2.1                                       Background

As part of commitments included in the EIA Study, the AAHK proposed to formulate and implement a MEFES.  Initiatives under the MEFES will be to assist fishers operating in the western Hong Kong waters who may need to change fishing activities due to the proposed Project, and to enhance marine ecology and fisheries resources in western Hong Kong waters especially Lantau waters (refer to Section 14.11 of the EIA Report).  Through its discussions with stakeholders and experts, AAHK identified the following key enhancement aspects for inclusion in the MEFES:

·           Support and enhance on-going fisheries operations;

·           Support measures that assist in shifting fisheries operations; and

·           Support the promotion and enhancement of fisheries-related business opportunities.

Following a request for further information, supplementary information to the EIA Study was provided to EPD to elaborate the commitments for the MEFES that were outlined in Section 14.11 of the EIA Report (available at http://www.epd.gov.hk/eia/register/report/eiareport/eia_2232014/further_info/pdf/Marine_Ecology_and_Fisheries_Enhancement_Plan.pdf ). 

The three key enhancement aspects were discussed in more detail in the supplementary attachment, and opportunities for additional enhancement of marine habitats during construction phase were also described. 

Supplemental information was also provided to outline the public consultation/ stakeholder engagement plan for proposed arrangements for funding and management of the enhancement initiatives, through the establishment of the FEF and MEEF and the associated Fund Management Committees.  Details of the mode of operation of the Committees, as well as procedures for allocating and awarding funding, were proposed to be devised in consultation with relevant stakeholders before commencement of construction.

Additional detail on the design, operation and management of the MEFES and the implementation of the FEF and MEEF was presented in the 200th meeting of the Advisory Council on the Environment (ACE) held on 15 September 2014 which discussed the EIA Report of the 3RS Project.  ACE provided views on the EIA report to the Director of Environmental Protection (DEP) with conditions that AAHK shall establish independent MEEF and FEF for implementation of a MECP and a FMP.  AAHK shall also set up a management committee for each of the funds.

The Permit conditions set out in the EP ([1]) related to the submission of a FMP and the establishment of a FEF are as follows.

EP No. EP-489/2014, Condition 2.13

The Permit Holder shall establish an independent Fisheries Enhancement Fund (The Fund).  The Permit Holder shall, no later than 3 months before the commencement of reclamation related marine works of the Project, submit 3 hard copies and 1 electronic copy of a detailed Fisheries Management Plan (The Plan) to the Director for approval.  The Plan shall be prepared in collaboration with fishermen for supporting the fishing industry and enhancing fisheries resources in the western Hong Kong waters especially the Lantau waters.  A management committee shall be set up for The Fund with members from fishermen and relevant stakeholders for effective implementation of The Plan.

The Permit Holder shall consult the Director of Agriculture, Fisheries and Conservation in preparing The Plan and submit The Plan to the ACE [Advisory Council on the Environment] for comment prior to the submission to the Director for approval.”

2.2                                       Purpose of the FMP

As stated in the MEFES and EP Condition 2.13, the purpose of the FMP is, in essence, to support the fishing industry and enhance fisheries resources in the western Hong Kong waters especially the Lantau waters.  A management committee will also be set up for the FEF with members from fishermen and relevant stakeholders for effective implementation of the FMP.  By assisting third parties through the provision of funding for relevant measures and initiatives, AAHK intends to create the necessary stimulus to support the enhancement of fisheries resources and sustainable development of the fishing industry. 

This FMP outlines the proposed mechanism for the implementation, the funding arrangement, and the setting up of a management committee for the FEF to manage and administer the FMP.  Some potential fisheries management, support and enhancement initiatives are also included in an annex to this document to provide assistance to the management committee in effectively implementing the FMP.

2.3                                       Structure of the FMP

Following this introductory section, the remainder of this FMP is organized as follows:

·           Section 3 presents the overall goal of the FMP and the organisation, management and administration of the FMP;

·           Section 4 introduces the goals, objectives as well as the implementation and evaluation of the key themes under the FMP; and

·           Section 5 summarizes the overall framework of the FMP.

 

3                                          Organisation, Management and Administration of the FMP

3.1                                       Geographical Coverage

The FMP has been formulated for the management, support and enhancement of the fisheries resources and the fishing industry in western Hong Kong waters especially the Lantau waters.  The area of interest for this FMP therefore includes marine waters and habitats surrounding the 3RS land formation and north and west Lantau waters. 

It should be noted that the initiatives and measures introduced to the fisheries habitats and fishing grounds of the area of interest could potentially introduce longer term benefits to the fisheries of adjacent marine waters.  Also the area of interest can go beyond that identified above if it is reviewed in the future that management, support and enhancement initiatives and effort are well spent in this area and other areas in the vicinity would benefit from AAHK’s enhancement strategy.

3.2                                       Over-Arching Aspects

Annex B provides a high-level description of the physical and fisheries characteristics of western Hong Kong waters, in particular north and west Lantau waters.  This review provides the basis for identifying key habitats, species or ecological resources that may warrant focused effort in supporting the fishing industry and enhancing fisheries resources under the FMP.  A summary map of the identified sites of fisheries importance in north and west Lantau waters is presented in Figure 3.1.  From the information presented it is noted that there are aspects of the broader environment that provide opportunities for supporting the fishing industry and enhancing fisheries resources.  The EP for the 3RS Project references the above in Condition 2.13 as follows:

“The Plan shall be prepared in collaboration with fishermen for supporting the fishing industry and enhancing fisheries resources in the western Hong Kong waters especially the Lantau waters”

3.2.1                                 Support the Fishing Industry

Given the numerous challenges facing the Hong Kong industry culminating from a variety of circumstances over many years, AAHK is committed to identifying opportunities to assist fishermen operating in the western Hong Kong waters.  In order to provide extra assistance to the affected fishermen or fishing communities, and also to promote the sustainable development of the fishing industry as a whole, the FMP is tailored towards having a series of initiatives and incentives to help achieve sustainable fishing operations.  A majority of these support measures are developed in collaboration with fishermen to ensure that they are practicable, feasible and fit for the sustainable modes of operations and businesses of the fishermen.

3.2.2                                 Enhancement of Fisheries Resources

AAHK has identified the potential to enhance habitats for fisheries resources in nearby sites of fisheries importance and beyond during project development and operation.  Habitat enhancement is expected to occur over time in particular from the expanded matrix of marine protected areas, potentially bringing benefits to fisheries resources and subsequently to fishermen operating in north and west Lantau waters.

3.3                                       Engagement with the Fishery Sector for Preparation of FMP

As part of the preparation of this FMP, consultations with the fishery sector have been undertaken to better understand their specific needs for support which could be formulated under the FMP.  Focused discussions in the form of face-to-face meetings with representatives of the fishermen associations were completed.  These consultations were conducted in 2015 with the LegCo member of the Agriculture and Fisheries Functional Constituency, Hong Kong Fishermen Consortium, the Aberdeen Fisher Women’s Association, the Hong Kong Fishermen’s Association,  the Hong Kong Fishery Alliance, Lamma Island Fishing Promotion Association as well as fishermen representatives from Tuen Mun, Tung Chung, Tai O, Tsuen Wan, Cheung Chau, Lamma Island and Aberdeen.  Overall the consultees acknowledge AAHK’s effort in assisting the industry through the FMP and the associated FEF and are supportive of the FMP of the 3RS Project.  Ideas on specific support and enhancement initiatives or incentives have been provided and these have been incorporated into this FMP where possible.  Valuable feedback on the experience that they have for applying for similar funding has been shared with a view to improving the administration and operation of the FEF, and comments on the membership and operation of the management committee of the FEF were also sought. 

It is AAHK’s intention to continue this open dialogue with the fishery sector during the development and implementation of the FMP.

3.4                                       Goal

As described in Section 14.11 of the EIA report, the ultimate goal of the MEFES is to provide support to assist fishermen operating in the western Hong Kong waters who have faced an increasingly difficult operating environment in recent years, and enhance marine ecology and fisheries resources in western Hong Kong waters especially the Lantau waters. In this way, the implementation of the 3RS Project is intended to provide an opportunity to give cumulative benefit to fisheries resources and the fishing industry in north and west Lantau waters.

3.5                                       Management and Financing of the FMP

AAHK will ensure the FMP is implemented in compliance with the requirements of Condition 2.13 of EP No. EP-489/2014 and have oversight of the implementation of studies and projects under the key aspects and initiatives of the plan.  Specific AAHK responsibilities for the key themes are presented below in Section 4 of this document.

To meet the goal and objectives of the FMP, substantial resources, both financial and manpower support, are essential.  Therefore an independent FEF, managed by a management committee, will be established for effective implementation of the FMP.  It is noted that the FEF is intended to fund studies and projects that are non-profit making in nature only.  Exceptions may be made for studies and projects with a commercial element to demonstrate the technical feasibility and commercial viability of new sustainable fisheries practices and this would be reviewed on a case-by-case basis.  This is further described in the guidance notes of the FEF.

3.5.1                                 Fisheries Enhancement Fund (FEF)

The MEFES prepared as part of the EIA Study led to development of a preliminary budget estimate for the MEEF and FEF.  The two Funds would be in total in the order of HK$200 - 300 million, subject to approval from the Board of AAHK.  Subsequently during the ACE discussion, AAHK had committed a substantial sum of up to HK$150 million for each Fund, and both Funds were initially planned to run for around 10 years, with a large portion of the fund expected to be used for scientific research, studies and follow-on actions/ initiatives in the initial years.

Recommendations from initial discussions with fishermen representatives highlighted the need to provide sufficient resources for the long-term and sustainable fisheries conservation and enhancement effort.  In response to the recommendations, the initial plan to run the FEF for around 10 years has been reviewed and it is apparent that a fund that can support initiatives over the long term would be much preferred and in line with the fishing industry’s expectation.  To achieve this it is considered that an endowment fund arrangement whereby seed money is invested to target the generation of investment return to meet an annual budget (“Annual Allocation”) that is able to support the FMP in the long term.  The endowment fund arrangement is targeted to generate 4% annual return based on an optimistic forecast.  In the event that the expected investment return is not achieved, any shortfall below the Annual Allocation as approved by the Steering Committee is proposed to be topped up by an additional top-up fund to ensure that resources to support FMP are not compromised.

On the basis of the above, AAHK proposes that a funding amount of HK$100 million is to be put under an endowment arrangement targeted to generate an income of HK$4 million to support FEF initiatives for long-term and sustainable fisheries conservation and enhancement efforts.  This amount is proposed with consideration of the potential return that can be deemed adequate to fund projects of various scales and duration.  In view of the possible fluctuation of investment income and the need for stable funding support, in particular for the initial years of its implementation, it is proposed to establish an additional HK$100 million top-up fund for both MEEF and FEF to meet any shortfall on investment income below the Annual Allocation for the FEF.

In addition, as the key objectives of FEF are to support the fishing industry and to enhance fisheries in western Hong Kong waters consequent to 3RS construction, it is expected a significant portion of the funding support would need to be deployed in the initial years, particularly during the marine construction stage of the project.  It is therefore proposed to allocate HK$50 million at the onset of FEF.

In summary, AAHK proposes the following arrangement for the FEF:

·           A committed initial HK$50 million allocation to jump start the implementation of the FMP in the initial years of establishment;

·           A committed initial HK$100 million allocation as an endowment fund.  The HK$100 million endowment arrangement is targeted to return around HK$4 million per year, these funds to be used to implement the FMP; and

·           Any shortfall below the Annual Allocation amount is proposed to be topped up by an additional top-up fund established for both the FEF and the MEEF, which has a cap of HK$100 million in total.

The above fund arrangement is illustrated in Figure 3.2.  The proposed arrangement provides an initial quantification of funds committed for implementing the FMP, representing AAHK’s commitment in contributing to enhancing fisheries resources and supporting the fishing industry in practical and effective ways in north and west Lantau waters.

Figure 3.2           Proposed Fund Arrangement for the Fisheries Enhancement Fund (FEF)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The proposed funding application, approval and allocation mechanism will be further developed and described in detail in the instrument constituting the fund, the guidance notes and application form for the fund. 

3.5.2                                 Proposed Fund Management Structure

The FMP will be launched in consultation with relevant stakeholders, in particular the fishing industry.  Consequently, in order to formalise the process and provide a platform for dialogue AAHK will establish a management committee (FEF-MC) to administer the FEF for the effective implementation of the FMP.  In addition, a Steering Committee is proposed to be established to provide overall directional guidance / policies for the fund operation to enable sufficient resources will remain available for the fund to meet its objectives in a long-term and sustainable manner.   The FEF-MC will approve recommended funding applications that are within the Annual Allocation.  The Steering Committee will not override FEF-MC decisions on funding application approvals within the Annual Allocation and will not undermine the role of the FEF-MC.  The management arrangement of the FEF is illustrated in Figure 3.3.

Figure 3.3            Proposed Management Arrangement for the Fisheries Enhancement Fund Management Committee (FEF-MC)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Fisheries Enhancement Fund Management Committee (FEF-MC)

It is envisaged that the FEF-MC will be composed of a membership including AAHK, Fishermen’s Association representative(s) and fisheries expert(s).  Relevant stakeholders (including, but not limited to, community leaders, people having expertise/ experience in managing similar funds, academic(s) and green group representative(s)) would also be considered for appointment into the management committee.  The exact membership will be determined subject to agreement from potential candidates.  AAHK will serve (or will procure a third party to serve) as the Secretariat for the FEF-MC.  The setup and operation of the FEF have made reference to the AFCD’s Sustainable Fisheries Development Fund.

The remit of the FEF-MC will be to manage and operate the FEF so as to ensure that funds are granted to studies and projects relevant and appropriate to the key themes and initiatives of the FMP.  Its primary role is to determine the criteria for the selection of initiatives to be funded by FEF, to make recommendations on funding applications that meet the fund objectives and approve the applications that are within the Annual Allocation approved by the Steering Committee.  The FEF-MC will study the proposals and report the approved applications to the Steering Committee.  If the recommended funding support exceeded the proposed Annual Allocation in any particular year, the FEF-MC will present the recommendations to the Steering Committee for consideration and approval of the shortfall from the HK$50 million jump start amount and when the HK$50 million jump start amount has been depleted, then from the top-up fund.  For each approved application, appropriate reporting on progress is required and the FEF-MC will monitor and review the project outcomes, including the effectiveness of the approved applications in achieving the goals and objectives of the FEF, so as to make necessary refinement/ adjustment to future funding focuses.  The draft terms of reference for the FEF-MC (which will be subject to review / revision by the committee members) has been prepared and is included in Annex C. 

Steering Committee

AAHK proposes to establish a Steering Committee to provide overall directional guidance / policies for the operation of the FEF to enable sufficient resources will remain available for the fund to meet its objectives in a long-term and sutainable manner.  Its functions will include:

·      steering and reviewing the operations of FEF (but it will not have authority to override matters within the exclusive power of the FEF-MC);

·      approving the funding budget to be allocated to the FEF-MC;

·      overseeing the use, allocation, and investment performance of the FEF; and

·      reviewing the overall funding situation including the sufficiency and sustainability of the top-up fund arrangement.

Besides, if the total funding amount of the applications recommended by the FEF-MC exceeds the Annual Allocation, the Steering Committee may exercise its discretion to approve the recommended application(s) for funding support by drawing the shortfall from the top-up fund.

It is envisaged that the Steering Committee will be chaired by the AAHK and composed of the chairperson of the FEF-MC, chairperson of the MEEF-MC and other non-AAHK members nominated by reputable organisation(s) in the environmental management, engineering, investment, or financial areas.  For clarity, there does not need to be a member in each of the areas referred to above and the members may be nominated by one or more reputable organisations.  The exact membership will be determined subject to agreement from potential candidates.  AAHK will serve (or will procure a third party to serve) as the Secretariat for the Steering Committee.  It should be noted that the Steering Committee is also proposed to provide oversight to the MEEF and MECP to be prepared under separate cover.

Appointment Procedure

The Secretariat will invite reputable organisations in the environmental management, engineering, investment, or financial areas to nominate person(s) having relevant professional expertise / experience to occupy the seats of 4 member(s) of the Steering Committee. 

The Secretariat will:

·      appoint the persons nominated by the organisation(s) as described above to be those 4 members above of the Steering Committee upon their acceptance; and

·      appoint the person nominated by AAHK as described above to be the Chairperson of the Steering Committee upon their acceptance.

3.5.3                                 FEF-MC Membership

It is suggested that the membership reflects the four broad themes that will comprise the FMP.  The FEF-MC will provide balanced views on on-going fisheries operation and sustainable management and enhancement of fisheries resources.  It is proposed that the committee will comprise of 11 to 13 members (including the Chairperson), including Fishermen’s Association representative(s), Fisheries Expert(s), Relevant Stakeholder(s) and up to 2 representatives nominated by AAHK.  It is envisaged that AAHK will not chair the FEF-MC.  The code of conduct will be agreed amongst the FEF-MC.

Fishermen’s Association representative(s)

Fishermen’s Association representative(s) will be engaged as the member(s) of the FEF-MC to oversee the need of the projects, especially in the Fisheries Industry theme and provide comments to enhance current fisheries operations to develop sustainable fisheries industry.

Fisheries Expert(s)

Fisheries expert(s) will be engaged as the member(s) of the FEF-MC to oversee the potential benefits of the projects in all themes to consider whether the projects could enhance fisheries resources to achieve sustainability.  Fisheries expert(s)  will also review the proposed assessment for the measurement of project performance as well as provide comments to enhance the effectiveness of the projects.

Relevant Stakeholder(s)

Relevant Stakeholder(s), such as members from fisheries trade business and aquaculture technology , will be engaged as the member(s) of the FEF-MC to oversee the potential benefits of the projects in all themes.  They will justify the proposed assessment for the measurement of project performance as well as provide comments to enhance the effectiveness of the project.  Community leader(s) as well as people having expertise / experience in managing similar funds will also be considered for appointment into the FEF-MC to provide advice on the fund administration and help streamline the implementation and management of the fund.  In addition, academic(s) and green group representative(s) would also be invited to join the FEF-MC to provide balanced views on on-going fisheries operation and sustainable management and enhancement of fisheries resources.

AAHK Member(s)

As the core focus areas of the FEF-MC are sustainable fisheries industry and community benefits, it is suggested there will be up to 2 representatives nominated by AAHK on the Committee, which may include the associated specialist / environmental consultant(s).

Appointment Procedure

The Secretariat of the FEF-MC will compile a list of potential candidates including, but not limited to, any member of any consultative and advisory committee of the AFCD to be the Chairperson and members of the FEF-MC that satisfy the composition stated above. 

The Secretariat will invite the potential candidate(s) to be Chairperson or member(s) of the FEF-MC.

The Secretariat will appoint the candidate(s) to be Chairperson or member(s) of the FEF-MC upon their acceptance.  If potential candidate(s) declined the invitation, the Secretariat will propose alternative candidate(s) to ensure that the FEF-MC would meet the composition requirements stated above.

Each member of the FEF-MC will be appointed for a fixed term of 3 years, unless otherwise agreed with that member.

 

 

3.5.4                                 Secretariat Structure, Role & Responsibilities

AAHK will provide secretarial services (or will procure the provision of secretarial services by an external third party) to the FEF to facilitate the functions of the Steering Committee and the FEF-MC.

The secretariat will:

·      be responsible for the preparation of meeting notices, agendas, meeting translation and minute taking;

·      collate progress reports / final reports submitted by funded projects, as well as the summary of total applications received, successful applications, ongoing projects and completed projects in a year for review and reference by the Steering Committee and the FEF-MC; and

·      work with the AAHK and the Chairperson of the FEF-MC to ensure proper expertise is present at relevant meetings.

3.6                                       Proposal Selection

It is expected that criteria for the selection of successful initiatives for funding will be formulated and agreed by the FEF-MC.  The Steering Committee will not override a decision of the FEF-MC and will not undermine the role of the FEF-MC.  In general, it is anticipated proposals will be evaluated based on the strength of their contribution to MEFES objectives and the overarching aspects stated in Section 3.2 in terms of providing the outcomes that will clearly benefit habitats and species and stakeholders (public and fishers ([2])) (Figure 3.4).  It is expected that while proposals may focus on one theme, they may be able to contribute across other themes, which could be taken into account in evaluations.

3.7                                       Implementation Plan

It is expected that the FMP will be implemented throughout the construction and operation phases of the 3RS Project.  AAHK endeavours to implement the FMP and approve and allocate funding to studies and projects that meet the goal and objectives of the FMP as soon as practical subject to the timely establishment and recommendations from the FEF-MC.  A tentative programme for the implementation of the FMP is presented in Table 3.1.  The AAHK has been conducting consultations with relevant stakeholders and the AFCD to formulate the FMP.  It is expected that the FMP will be submitted to ACE for comment in Q4 2015, followed by submission to the DEP in Q1 2016.  The establishment of FEF and FEF-MC will commence after the final approval by the DEP and the fund is planned to be in place for application in Q3 2016.

Table 3.1             Tentative Programme for the Implementation of FMP

Key Tasks

Time

Consultation with relevant atakeholders and the AFCD

2015 - Ongoing

Submission of FMP to ACE for comment

2015 Q4

Submission of FMP to the DEP for approval

2016 Q1

Establishment of the FEF and FEF-MC

2016 Q2 (1)

Call for funding applications

2016 Q3 (1)

Note:

(1) Subject to the final approval by the DEP.

3.8                                       Review and Evaluation of the FMP

In order to determine whether the FMP is successful in achieving the goal presented in Section 3.4 it is important to implement a mechanism for reviewing and evaluating the success of the Plan and supported initiatives.  Review and evaluation mechanisms are proposed for each of the four themes in Section 4.  The FEF-MC will monitor the performance of the funded applications so as to make necessary refinement/ adjustment to future funding focuses.

4                                          Key Themes of the FMP

4.1                                       Background

The FMP aims to achieve its goals through the following key objectives:

·           Support measures that help to achieve sustainable management and enhancement of fisheries resources;

·           Support and enhance on-going fisheries operations in a sustainable manner;

·           Support measures that assist in shifting fisheries operations; and

·           Support the promotion and enhancement of fisheries-related business opportunities.

The FMP is therefore organized into four themes, each of which is developed further and discussed in detail below.

A key theme of the FMP is to support measures that help to achieve sustainable management and enhancement of fisheries resources, which further ensures sustainable fisheries resources rather than facilitating the fishing sector to increase their catch.  It is important to note that the concept of sustainable fisheries is also embedded in the other three key themes of the FMP whereby sustainable modes of operation and alternative livelihood and business opportunities will be supported; consequently an enhancement of fisheries resources is expected when fishing effort is kept within sustainable levels.

4.1.1                                 Support Measures that Help to Achieve Sustainable Management and Enhancement of Fisheries Resources

Certain management measures, controls and restrictions can be explored and undertaken to enhance fisheries resources.  Examples include training to fishermen on the concept of sustainable fisheries in order to raise their awareness of the long-term ecological and economic importance of conserving and enhancing fisheries resources in Hong Kong.

4.1.2                                 Support and Enhance On-going Fisheries Operations in a Sustainable Manner

Given the challenges facing the marine capture fishery industry (refer to Annex B), it is considered critical to propose initiatives under the FMP to support and enhance on-going fisheries operation in the north Lantau waters in a sustainable manner.

4.1.3                                 Support Measures that Assist in Shifting Fisheries Operations

Although initiatives are provided to support the ongoing fisheries operations within the north Lantau waters as well as ensure operators explore new fishing grounds, it is considered possible that some operators may want to change their livelihood considering the challenging operating environment.  Alternative livelihoods may include aquaculture which is considered as a practical alternative for capture fishermen to make a living using their knowledge on fisheries operations in the marine environment.

4.1.4                                 Support the Promotion and Enhancement of Fisheries-related Business Opportunities

Certain business opportunities are noted to be fisheries-related and can thus be adopted by the fishery communities.  Examples include fisheries-based eco-tourism where tourist can tour the Hong Kong fishing grounds and observe fishing operations onboard.  Fishermen using their vessels may also be engaged in eco-tourism related to dolphin watching and recreational fishing.

4.2                                       Goals and Objectives

4.2.1                                 Support Measures that Help to Achieve Sustainable Management and Enhancement of Fisheries Resources

The goal of the current theme of “Support Measures that Help to Achieve Sustainable Management and Enhancement of Fisheries Resources” is to promote sustainable fisheries for the ultimate benefit of conserving and enhancing fisheries resources in a long term.  Specific objectives under this theme are as follows:

·           To explore and examine practicable management measures that could be implemented by the fishery sector to enhance the sustainable use of fisheries resources (eg reduce capture of non target fish and fry, identify seasonal fishing grounds, etc.); and

·           To build and improve overall capacity of fishery operators to promote sustainable fisheries.

4.2.2                                 Support and Enhance On-going Fisheries Operations in a Sustainable Manner

The main goal of the Support and Enhance On-going Fisheries Operations in a Sustainable Manner Theme is to ensure that the affected fisheries operations in the north Lantau waters can be sustained and promoted to allow fishermen to address the challenges facing the industry which have culminated from a variety of circumstances in recent years.  The specific objectives of this theme are as follows:

·           Optimise the on-going fisheries operations to increase operational range to allow fishing activity to be conducted in alternative locations by affected fishermen;

·           Through initiatives including technology, engine and equipment upgrades, improve efficiency and environmental performance of operations to allow for improvement of cost-effectiveness and competitiveness to enable the feasibility of fishing in alternative locations; and

·           To build and improve overall capacity of fishery operators to adapt to improved technology.

4.2.3                                 Support Measures that Assist in Shifting Fisheries Operations

The goal of the Support Measures that Assist in Shifting Fisheries Operations Theme is to assist fishermen in developing alternative livelihoods related to aquaculture.  Specific objectives of this theme are:

·           To allow fishermen to build their capacity in order to enhance their employment / development opportunities in aquaculture; and

·           To assist fishermen in developing aquaculture practices by providing ongoing support on technology development, equipment purchase / upgrades, product marketing and knowledge transfer.

4.2.4                                 Support the Promotion and Enhancement of Fisheries-related Business Opportunities

The goal of the current theme of “Support the Promotion and Enhancement of Fisheries‐related Business Opportunities” is to assist fishermen in developing fisheries-related business opportunities.  Specific objectives under this theme are as follows:

·           To enable fishermen achieving self-reliance, maintaining their own livelihoods and coping with the changing operating environment of the fisheries related business;

·           To explore and enhance the feasibility of developing fisheries-based eco-tourism; and

·           To diversify the skills of fishermen to other fisheries-related business by provision of appropriate training.

4.3                                       Potential Initiatives

Indicative example initiatives under each of the four themes are provided in Annex D.  The initiatives are not considered to be definitive, but demonstrate some possible opportunities under the MEFES for developing sustainable fishing industry and fishery resource enhancement in western Hong Kong waters.  It should be noted that the actual initiatives to be undertaken under each theme will be proposed by third-party applicants for consideration by the FEF-MC.

4.4                                       Implementation and Funding

The initiatives of the four themes involve substantial activities that need to be conducted during the construction and operational phases of the 3RS development.  It should be noted that as the funding applications for each initiative will depend on interest of applicants, it is not possible to estimate funding allocation for individual initiatives at this stage.  Funding for initiatives will be as per funding agreements between third-party applicants and the FEF-MC and are also not included in this FMP.

It is expected that initiatives submitted by third-parties will have focused implementation/work plans yet to be discussed with AAHK and FEF-MC and that these would be separate activity driven documents and not included within this FMP.

4.5                                       Roles and Responsibility

Several entities are identified who will be integral to achieving the overall goal of the four key themes.  These entities and their roles and responsibilities of these entities are presented below. 

AAHK

The main role of the AAHK will be to ensure the FMP is implemented in compliance with the requirements of Condition 2.13 of EP No. EP-489/2014.  AAHK will also provide assistance to applicants, on administrative support as well as technical support if needed, e.g. review and comment on the proposed activities under individual initiatives.

FEF-MC

The main role of the FEF-MC will be to oversee the management and implementation of the activities under individual initiatives. 

4.6                                       Review and Evaluation

In order to evaluate the effectiveness and efficiency of supported initiatives under the four themes, a process of ongoing performance evaluation is proposed.  It is suggested that performance evaluation shall be arranged around groups of specific high level performance indicators.  The example performance indicators envisaged at this early stage are detailed in Annex D.  The FEF-MC will monitor the performance of the funded applications so as to make necessary refinement/ adjustment to future funding focuses.

It should be noted that the performance indicators will be set and agreed between the third-party applicants and the FEF-MC for the actual initiatives to be undertaken under each theme.

 

5                                          Summary

This document presents details on the proposed mechanism for the implementation, the funding arrangement, and the setting up of a management committee for the FEF to manage and administer the FMP.  It aims to support the fishing industry and enhance fisheries resources in the western Hong Kong waters especially the Lantau waters during the construction and the operation of the Project.  In addition, the document contains information on the goal, management and administration of the FMP and introduces the four themes that when implemented are expected to achieve the stated goal.  These themes are:

·           Support measures that help to achieve sustainable management and enhancement of fisheries resources;

·           Support and enhance ongoing fisheries operations in a sustainable manner;

·           Support measures that assist in shifting fisheries operations; and

·           Support the promotion and enhancement of fisheriesrelated business opportunities.

To support the initiatives with the stated goals and objectives in a long-term and sustainable manner, it is considered that an endowment fund arrangement whereby seed money is invested to generate an annual investment return that is able to support the FMP in a long term.  In the event that the targeted investment return is not achieved, any shortfall below the Annual Allocation is proposed to be topped up by an additional top-up fund to ensure that resources to support FMP are not compromised.  A significant initial allocation outside of the endowment arrangement is also proposed to jump start the implementation of the FMP in the initial years of establishment. It is important to note that the endowment fund with top-up fund arrangement would allow funds to be available sustainably and AAHK will ensure the FMP is implemented in compliance with the requirements of Condition 2.13 of EP No. EP-489/2014 and have oversight of the implementation of studies and projects under the key aspects and initiatives of the plan. 

AAHK will establish a FEF-MC, composing of members from AAHK, fishermen’s association representatives, fisheries experts and relevant stakeholders (including, but not limited to, community leaders, people having expertise/ experience in managing similar funds, academic(s) and green group representative(s)) to administer the FEF for the effective implementation of the FMP and approve the applications that are within the Annual Allocation.  In addition, a Steering Committee is proposed to be established to provide overall directional guidance / policies for the fund operation to enable sufficient resources will remain available for the fund to meet its objectives in a long-term and sustainable manner.  It is planned to establish the FEF and FEF-MC in Q2 2016 and initiate fund application in Q3 2016, subject to the final approval by DEP.


 



([1])         http://www.epd.gov.hk/eia/register/permit/latest/ep4892014.htm

([2]) Fishers refer to fishermen and people related to fishing industry.